Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle (JCSM) - Abstract


Volume 5, Number 4, Page 315 - 320

Formoterol in the treatment of experimental cancer cachexia: effects on heart function

Míriam Toledo, Jochen Springer, Sílvia Busquets, Anika Tschirner, Francisco J. López-Soriano, Stefan D. Anker, Josep M. Argilés

Background and aims

Formoterol is a highly potent β2-adrenoceptor-selective agonist, which is a muscle growth promoter in many animal species, resulting in skeletal muscle hypertrophy. Previous studies carried out in our laboratory have shown that formoterol treatment in tumour-bearing animals resulted in an amelioration of muscle loss through different mechanisms that include muscle apoptosis and proteolysis.

Methods

The study presented involved rats bearing the Yoshida AH-130 ascites tumour model—which induces a high degree of cachexia—treated with the beta-2 agonist formoterol (0.3 mg/kg BW).

Results

The administration of formoterol to cachectic tumour-bearing rats resulted in a significant reduction of muscle weight loss. The treatment also increased lean body mass and body water. The treatment, however, did not influence heart weight, which was much decreased as a result of tumour burden. Untreated tumour-bearing rats showed important changes in parameters related with heart function:, left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction, fractional shortening, LV diameter and volume (diastolic) and LV stroke volume, LV mass and posterior wall thickness (PWT) (both systolic and diastolic). The administration of formoterol affected LV diameter and volume, LV stroke volume and LV mass.

Conclusions

The results suggest that formoterol treatment, in addition to reducing muscle wasting, does not negatively alter heart function—in fact, some cardiac parameters are improved—in animals affected by cancer cachexia.

Toledo M., Springer J., Busquets S., Tschirner A., López-Soriano F.J., Anker S.D., Argilés J.M., Formoterol in the treatment of experimental cancer cachexia: effects on heart function. J Cachex Sarcopenia Muscle 2014;4:315-320.